Mouth Respiration in Kids, Babies, Toddlers, and Infants
"Baby sleeps with mouth open"
Their causes, effects, treatment, and prevention
toddlers, infants and newborn) who are mouth breathers experience the
same pathological effects of mouth breathing as adults. These effects include abnormalities in
gases, cell hypoxia (reduced body and brain oxygen content), reduced
perfusion of all vital organs, suppressed immune system and many other
"adult" effects. Apart from this, there are specific dental effects related to
children and their developmental dynamic. Mouth breathing in children, as many
studies showed, leads to permanent structural changes in the shape of the face.
After years of mouth breathing, the jaws become protruded forward. Therefore,
parents and care-takes must be concerned about mouth breathing in children and
when seeing that their "baby sleeps with mouth open".
You may read abstracts of these studies on the separate page here. Here are their titles:
- Prevalence of malocclusion among mouth breathing children: do expectations meet reality? (Souki et al, 2009)
- Etiology, clinical manifestations and concurrent findings in mouth-breathing children (Abreu et al, 2008)
- Relationship between mouth breathing and postural alterations of children: a descriptive analysis (Krakauer et al, 2000)
- Radiological evaluation of facial types in mouth breathing children: a retrospective study (Costa et al, 2008)
- Indicative factors of early facial aging in mouth breathing adults (Oliveira et al, 2007)
- Prevalence of oral malodor and the relationship with habitual mouth breathing in children (Kanehira et al, 2004)
- A comparative study of effects of mouth breathing and normal breathing on gingival health in children (Gulati, 1998)
- The negative effect of mouth breathing on the body and development of the child (Flutter, 2006)
Mouth breathing in adults remains one of two factors
to mortality in the severely sick due to chronic diseases.
Statistically, early morning hours (from about 4 to 7 am) have the highest
death toll due to heart attacks or anginas, strokes, seizures, asthma
attacks and many other acute episodes. This phenomenon and related
medical articles are discussed on the web page "Sleep Heavy Breathing Effect".
Is there any therapy or
organized group of medical professionals who
provide techniques to stop mouth breathing in adults, children, babies,
toddlers, infants and newborn, and who demand nose breathing as a
necessary quality of good health? To my knowledge, there is only one
medical therapy that provides solutions and techniques for mouth
breathing problems in adults and children of all ages, including
newborns and infants. This therapy also considers and demands nose
breathing 24/7 as a crucial factor for health and wellbeing. It has
been practiced by over 200 MDs in the USSR and Russia and was developed
by leading Soviet physiologist Dr. K. Buteyko. It is known as the
Buteyko breathing method.
Mouth breathing in infants, babies, toddlers, and children
- Higher levels of Gingival index
- Allergic rhinitis
- Enlarged adenoids and tonsils
- Obstructive deviation of the nasal septum
- Postural alterations
- Facial changes (long face, half-open mouth and increased anterior
- Oral malodor.
related to these
medical research findings are also provided below.)
Konstantin Buteyko, leading Soviet physiologist,
MD, PhD with a child (1980s)
Typical clinical manifestations in children, toddlers,
and infants, who are mouth breathers
- Sleeping with mouth
- Itchy nose and nose obstruction
- Drooling on the pillow
- Nocturnal sleep problems or agitated sleep
- Irritability during the day
Main causes of problems with nose breathing and poor health in children
- Over-feeding of
children by parents
- Sleeping on the back (newborn and infants should sleep on their
back while tightly swaddled)
- Mouth-breathing parents
- Over-heating (wearing too
- Lack of physical activity (or exercise and activities done with mouth open)
- Eating junk food and having a lack of essential nutrients in diet (fish oil, Ca, Mg,
Mouth breathing in toddlers, babies,
infants, and children can also intensify the development of any chronic pathology, including
obesity, cancer, diabetes, asthma, heart disease, and many other
Hence, oral breathing promotes "adult" diseases in
children. Breathing training is vital in order to experience all
benefits of breathing normalization and nose breathing, and stop mouth
breathing during the day time, sleep, play, and at all other times.
YouTube video: Mouth
Breathing, Swaddling, Effects on Body O2.
How to treat and stop mouth respiration in kids, babies, toddlers, and
The main requirement for success in dealing with young mouth
breathers, while using the Buteyko breathing method, is nose breathing
parents and care takers who also understood and learned the Buteyko
method and applied its techniques on themselves. The adults need to increase
their brain and body oxygenation to at least 30 seconds. Only then, kids can
learn, or rather copy, their parents' habits in
relation to, for
example, mouth taping during sleep, physical exercise performed with nose
breathing only, and the use of other beneficial techniques and habits to
increase body oxygen and to improve one's health.
Amazing bonus content
For further education, see the medical research article "Using the Buteyko
Breathing Method For Children" (translation from Russian) written by Dr. Natalia
Lapa, MD. The paper is provided below as your bonus content. Dr. Lapa was
trained as a Buteyko breathing practitioner by Dr. Konstantin Buteyko himself.
The paper was published in the book "Buteyko method. Its application in
medical practice", ed. by K. P. Buteyko, 2nd ed., 1991, p. 57-62, Titul, Odessa, USSR.
References for this page: Mouth breathing in children - studies.
Related web pages:
- Croup cough- Overview of croup
- How to unblock
the blocked nose - This article provides a Buteyko breathing exercise that can be used
by adults and children
- How to maintain nose breathing 24/7 - Instructional Guide,
which describe what to do at night during sleep to stop mouth breathing.*Children 3-4
years or older can follow and use many of these techniques, while
infants (less than 3 years) require different methods and strategies
(see the next article).
Here is the fantastic artilce (hidden right below here). It was written by Dr. Lapa, MD who taught thousands of children in Russia and England. The paper provides detailed instructions about how to teach easy nose breathing to children of three different age groups. You can unlock this bonus content by sharing the URL of this page on one of your social networks.
Go back to Buteyko pages
You can leave your grammatically correct feedback and/or comments below. (But Artour is on a summer vacation now.) Thanks.