Fluid in Lungs and on the Lungs: Blood Flow and O2
Cause of fluid on and in lungs
Fluid in lungs (pulmonary edema) takes place due to abnormal transport of ions and water across the surface of the lungs. There is a similar condition that leads to accumulation of fluid on lungs. It is known that transport of ions of sodium and potassium, as well as blood components across various surfaces of the human body is an active process (it is called "active transport") that requires oxygen. Water, as most researchers suggest, is mainly driven by passive diffusion depending on osmolality gradient. Therefore, accumulation of fluid in lungs is usually governed by dis-regulation of normal processes. What are the likely causes of fluid in lungs and on lungs?
As soon as a person has regular diaphragmatic breathing (even 3-5 small breaths per minute), all parts of the lungs are going to have sufficient amounts of O2. The problem with very low alveolar O2 or alveolar hypoxia can appear either at very high altitudes or due to habitual chest breathing (which is present in most people). Chest breathing, due to its mechanics, does not provide fresh air for the low parts of the lungs causing alveolar hypoxia.
Therefore, if we consider people living close to sea level (not at high altitude), chest breathing is one of the contributing causes for fluid in lungs. Note that there are studies that directly confirmed that hypoxia reduces Na+ transport (e.g., Mairbäurl et al, 2002).
The disappearance of hypoxia after birth probably explains why the newborn are able to get rid of fluid in lungs very quickly after they are born since the newborn have in-built automatic diaphragmatic breathing.
Depending on the location of fluid (pleural space or alveolar space) and other factors, accumulated fluid can have different composition. Clinical evidence suggests that there are numerous health problems that contribute to appearance of fluid in lungs, such as cancer, tuberculosis, congestive heart failure, pneumonia, and recent surgery.
An additional factor in transport of ions is electrical voltage, which plays a large role in the transport of ions. The human body has a certain electrical voltage. According to the laws of physics, electrical potential has a tendency to accumulate on outer and inner surfaces of the human body. Measurements show that a very-large-electrical voltage can be present on lung surfaces when a person is ungrounded (electrically insulated from Earth). When one gets an electrical jolt (or shock) while touching metal objects, the corresponding voltage is about 2,000-5,000 volts of a positive charge (deficiency of electrons). A grounded person has only a minor negative charge, which is less than 1 volt (the same as Earth's potential). Such huge-positive-electrical charges of ungrounded people (accumulated on lung surfaces as well) can have a large impact on electrogenic transport of ions (which is one the important transport mechanisms across alveolar epithelial cells).
Treatment for fluids in lungs and on lungs
Warning. Contact your health care provider before using any breathing exercises if you have fluid in lungs.
Many Russian people managed to get rid of their recurrent problems with liquid in lungs and on lungs due to 2 medical techniques that are popular among over 600 Russian medical doctors. These doctors teach the Buteyko-breathing method and breathing exercises with the Frolov device. However, these patients reported that they used these breathing methods after thoracentesis (a medical procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lungs and the chest wall).
Suggestion. If you are going to have thoracentesis, you need to insist that this surgery is done with grounding, which is currently a must for all major surgeries. Electrical grounding of the human body eliminates post-surgery inflammation and bruising associated with tissue injuries caused by lack of grounding.
After thoracentesis, one can apply grounding together with Buteyko breathing exercises and lifestyle changes that increase body-O2 content. Later, after sufficient healing of the injury caused by the surgery, the Frolov device can be used.
Elimination of automatic chest breathing (at rest or during sleep too) usually requires more than 30 seconds for the body-oxygen test, while the people with fluid in lungs have less than 20 seconds (often less than 15 s) for body O2. Normalization of breathing and body O2 also normalizes many other key parameters, such as immune function, transport of ions, metabolism of proteins and so forth.
Breathing normalization and grounding help to avoid or eliminate chronic inflammation, and prevent common complications after thoracentesis, such as pneumothorax, pain, bleeding, bruising, or infection caused by surgeries. Therefore, breathing retraining is the natural and logical treatment of fluid in and on the lungs, which should be discussed with one's health care provider.
Reference pages: Breathing norms and medical facts:
- Breathing norms: Parameters, graph, and description of the normal breathing pattern
- 6 breathing myths: Myths and superstitions about breathing and body oxygenation (prevalence: over 90%)
- Hyperventilation: Definitions of hyperventilation: their advantages and weak points
- Hyperventilation syndrome: Western scientific evidence about prevalence of chronic hyperventilation in patients with chronic conditions (37 medical studies)
- Normal minute ventilation: Small and slow breathing at rest is enjoyed by healthy subjects (14 studies)
- Hyperventilation prevalence: Present in over 90% of normal people (24 medical studies)
- HV and hypoxia: How and why deep breathing reduces oxygenation of cells and tissues of all vital organs
- Body-oxygen test (CP test) : How to measure your own breathing and body oxygenation (two in one) using a simple DIY test
- Body oxygen in healthy: Results for the body-oxygen test for healthy people (27 medical studies)
- Body oxygen in sick : Results for the body-oxygen test for sick people (14 medical studies)
- Buteyko Table of Health Zones: Clinical description and ranges for breathing zones: from the critically ill (severely sick) up to super healthy people with maximum possible body oxygenation
- Morning hyperventilation: Why people feel worse and critically ill people are most likely to die during early morning hours
References: pages about CO2 effect:
- Vasodilation: CO2 expands arteries and arterioles facilitating perfusion (or blood supply) to all vital organs
- The Bohr effect: How and why oxygen is released by red blood cells in tissues
- Cell oxygen levels: How alveolar CO2 influences oxygen transport
- Oxygen transport: O2 transport is controlled by vasoconstriction-vasodilation and the Bohr effects, both of which rely on CO2
- Free radical generation: Reactive oxygen species are produced within cells due to anaerobic cell respiration caused by cell hypoxia
- Inflammatory response: Chronic inflammation in fueled by the hypoxia-inducible factor 1, while normal breathing reduces and eliminates inflammation
- Nerve stabilization: People remain calm due to calmative or sedative effects of carbon dioxide in neurons or nerve cells
- Muscle relaxation: Relaxation of muscle cells is normal at high CO2, while hypocapnia causes muscular tension, poor posture and, sometimes, aggression and violence
- Bronchodilation: Dilation of airways (bronchi and bronchioles) is caused by carbon dioxide, and their constriction by hypocapnia (low CO2)
- Blood pH: Regulation of blood pH due to breathing and regulation of other bodily fluids
- CO2: lung damage: Elevated carbon dioxide prevents lung injury and promotes healing of lung tissues
- CO2: Topical carbon dioxide can heal skin and tissues
- Synthesis of glutamine in the brain, CO2 fixation, and other chemical reactions
- Deep breathing myth: Ignorant and naive people promote the idea that deep breathing and breathing more air at rest is beneficial for health
- Breathing control: How is our breathing regulated? Why hypocapnia makes breathing uneven, irregular and erratic.
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