High Altitude Training: How to Increase O2 in Cells
In order to get most benefits of higher altitude training for sport performance, VO2max and endurance, an athlete can go to high altitude and train there.
High altitude helps to improve sports performance and increase VO2max. The positive effects are particularly strong after the first trip (that should be about 2-3 weeks long). One of the key parameters that is increased due to altitude training is blood ability to transport oxygen to tissues. Thus, one can measure blood hemoglobin levels after descending to lower altitudes, and this will help to have better results in contests involving endurance.
However, repeated trips have less strong effect due to reduced physiological abilities to adapt to one stimulus only: low oxygen levels (or hypoxia) that is present in air at high altitude.
This drawback of high altitude training can be solved with the Training Mask that reduces O2 content in the inspired air (due to resistance), but also increases CO2 content in the lungs and body cells. Hence, the Training Mask allows to have less O2 in the inhaled air (as at high altitude), but also provides benefits due to hypercapnic training. As a result, training at altitude can be effectively substituted with training sessions with the Training Mask at sea level.
Furthermore, learning how to slow down breathing at rest is crucial for healthy and natural adaptation to physical exercise since this is the single most essential factors that produces a profound effect on long-distance endurance, VO2max and related characteristics.
Here is a link to more detailed review and physiology of Elevation Training Mask.
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