Terminal Cancer Parameters Are Predicted by Buteyko Table
It is known that severely sick people experience numerous
abnormalities related to different medical tests. This is also true for
cancer and physiological state of terminal cancer patients is characterized by
tens, maybe hundreds of bodily parameters that are outside of
corresponding norms. Heart rate and breathing frequency are among the
easiest to measure. Many oncologists used these simple DIY tests in
their published research articles (see Chiang et al, 2009;
de Miguel Sanchez et al, 2006; Groeger et al, 1998). After investigating
several parameters and characteristics in 100 terminally ill cancer
patients, Dudgeon and Lertzman (1998) concluded that “spirometry was
abnormal in 93% of patients”.
As we discussed before, development of cancer in based on increased
alveolar ventilation. Furthermore, we already discovered that
breathing frequency is a highly
significant predictor of survival in cancer patients. Based on
fundamental laws of physiology, we showed that abnormal or
pattern leads to reduced CO2 content in the human body and
lowered oxygenation of
tumors in cancer patients. In its turn, tissue hypoxia is the main
driving force for tumor growth on a cell level. This conclusion is based on
hundreds of medical studies. Some of them were reviewed on web page
Cell Hypoxia: the Key Cause of
Cancer. Additionally, it has been shown that when oncologists use
carbogen therapy for treatment of cancer patients,
CO2 is again the key player in
better oxygenation of tumors.
What are the causes of ineffective or
heavy breathing in cancer
patients? Medical drugs and
toxins, together with abnormal
lifestyle factors, intensify breathing in cancer making it faster and
deeper, while a simple DIY CP test
measures body and tumor oxygen content in seconds.
In the 1960s, Dr. Konstantin Buteyko was the head of the
confidential respiratory project devoted to first Soviet outer space
missions (Soviets, when hiring Dr. Buteyko, wanted to define ideal air composition
in a spaceship and ideal respiratory parameters of astronauts for their
ideal performance and maximum body oxygenation). He analyzed thousands of
healthy and sick people (mostly with heart disease and asthma) and
suggested the famous Buteyko Table of Health
Zones. Several books in Russian (e.g., Buteyko & Buteyko, 2005) and
websites have this table. This discovery of health zones, with specific
features and chemical processes for each zone, was
so important for Dr. Buteyko that he filled a patent
application with the title “Method for
assessment of human health”,
Patent Application No. 99114075/14 from 23 June 1999 (Russian Federal Service
for Intellectual Property, Patents and Trademarks).
The Buteyko Table links together some fundamental physiological
characteristics of the human body, including: pulse, respiratory
frequency, CO2 concentration in the alveoli of the lungs (and the
arterial blood, if there is no ventilation-perfusion mismatch), automatic
pause (a natural pause of no breathing after their usual
exhalation), and the Control Pause
(or body oxygen level).
The normal parameters of breathing, according to his table, are: 60 beats per min
for heart rate, 8 breaths per min for respiratory frequency, 6.5% for CO2
content in the
alveoli, 4 s for automatic pause during unconscious or automatic breathing, and 60 s
for oxygen content in the body (or the CP test result). Such parameters were
normal for many ordinary people about 100-120 years ago.
breathe much faster and deeper, CO2 is less, heart rate is higher, and
oxygenation is less than 30 s. Moreover,
moderately sick people breathe about 2-2.5 times more than the norm
(34 medical studies), while their body
oxygen content is less than 20 seconds. All this data nicely fits
into the Table.
The most severe or last stage of the
disease (7-th stage of the disease) corresponds to critically and
terminally ill patients. (Note that a patient is not required to be in
this last zone 24/7. In many cases, death due to poor health or acute health
problems caused by a chronic disease can happen within minutes or hours.
Hence, being in zone 6 and even 5 is not a guarantee that some hours or even
minutes later, the patient will remain in the same zone. This also relates
to the Morning Hyperventilation or Heavy
Terminal cancer patients, according to Buteyko Table, should have
less than 5 s CP, when the immune system offer no resistance to
pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and malignant cells even in the blood due
to severe tissue hypoxia and suppressed immune system. At this stage,
they are likely to be bed-ridden, unable to work, have problems with
self-care, etc. With around 3-5 s for body oxygenation, these people may
need to be fed and can loose consciousness. These were the observations
of Dr. Buteyko and his colleagues, who studied breathing parameters of
terminally ill heart and asthma patients in the 1960s before these
patients were able to learn the Buteyko breathing retraining method.
What about western research related to parameters in terminal cancer?
Does it fit into the Buteyko Table?
While most formulas, which could predict survival of cancer patients,
involve blood analysis and other complicated procedures, a group of
Spanish doctors suggested only 3 simple parameters reflected in the
title of their study: “Palliative Performance Status, Heart Rate and
Respiratory Rate as Predictive Factors of Survival Time in Terminally
Ill Cancer Patients” (de Miguel Sanchez et al, 2006). Ninety-eight
patients were studied, whose median survival was 32 days. In abstract
these doctors noted, “In the multivariate analysis, three independent
variables were identified: Palliative Performance Score of 50 or under,
heart rate of 100/minute or more, and respiratory rate of 24/minute or
Hence, the Palliative Performance Status at 3-10 s CP would be very
low because it includes 5 characteristics (Ambulation; Activity Level
/Evidence of Disease; Self-Care ability; Food Intake; Level of
In order to find the exact numbers, let us consider the last row of
this Table (for 5 s CP or the terminal stage of disease). It corresponds
to the heart rate of 100 and the breathing frequency of 30 breaths per
minute for early morning numbers (epidemiological studies found that
critically ill patients are likely to die from about 4 to 7 am). During
day time, their parameters would be better. According to the table, less
than 10 s CP (body oxygenation) means over 90 beats per minute for pulse
and over 26 for respiratory frequency. Spanish doctors (de Miguel
Sanchez et al, 2006) found the pulse over 100 and respiratory rate over
24 are very poor predictors of survival and these parameters are close
to Buteyko observations, considering huge deviations from the norms
(about 2 times). Therefore, there is almost no difference, from the
cardio-respiratory viewpoint and body oxygenation state, in parameters
of terminally ill patients with these seemingly different conditions:
heart disease, asthma, and cancer.
Buteyko VK, Buteyko MM, The Buteyko theory about a key role of
breathing for human health, Scientific introduction to the Buteyko
therapy for experts, Buteyko Co LTD, Voronezh, 2005.
Chiang JK, Lai NS, Wang MH, Chen SC, Kao YH, A proposed prognostic
7-day survival formula for patients with terminal cancer, BMC Public
Health, 2009 Sep 29; 9(1): p.365.
de Miguel Sanchez C, Elustondo SG, Estirado A, Sanchez FV, de la
Rasilla Cooper CG, Romero AL, Otero A, Olmos LG, Palliative Performance
Status, Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate as Predictive Factors of
Survival Time in Terminally Ill Cancer Patients, Journal of Pain Symptom Managm.
June 2006; 31(6), p. 485-492.
Dudgeon DJ, Lertzman M, Dyspnea in the advanced cancer patient, J
Pain Symptom Management 1998 Oct; 16(4): p.212-219.
Groeger JS, Lemeshow S, Price K, Nierman DM, White P Jr, Klar J,
Granovsky S, Horak D, Kish SK, Multicenter outcome study of cancer
patients admitted to the intensive care unit: a probability of mortality
model, J Clin Oncol. 1998 Feb; 16(2): p.761-770.
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