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Doctors suggest a simple DIY test
for ideal health (the Control Pause)

For the first time in the history of medicine, a group of doctors, after studying thousands of patients, suggested the standard for ideal health that provide guarantee from such chronic conditions as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, COPD, arthritis, and many others. Low body oxygen level is the normal feature for people with these and many other degenerative disorders. Dozens of Western studies that proved that patients with numerous, if not all, chronic conditions have impaired breath holding abilities.

These 2 tables summarize available western data regarding breath holding times (the standard test is described below) for sick and healthy people.

Condition Number of
Pause, s
Hypertension 95 12 s Ayman et al, 1939
Neurocirculatory asthenia 54 16 s Friedman, 1945
Anxiety states 62 20 s Mirsky et al, 1946
Class 1 heart patients 16 16 s Kohn & Cutcher, 1970
Class 2-3 heart patients 53 13 s Kohn & Cutcher, 1970
Pulmonary emphysema 3 8 s Kohn & Cutcher, 1970
Functional heart disease 13 5 s Kohn & Cutcher, 1970
Asymptomatic asthmatics 7 20 s Davidson et al, 1974
Asthmatics with symptoms 13 11 s Perez-Padilla et al, 1989
Panic attack 14 11 s Zandbergen et al, 1992
Anxiety disorders 14 16 s Zandbergen et al, 1992
Outpatients 25 17 s Gay et al, 1994
Inpatients 25 10 s Gay et al, 1994
COPD and congenital heart failure 7 8 s Gay et al, 1994
12 heavy smokers 12 8 s Gay et al, 1994
Panic disorder 23 16 s Asmudson & Stein, 1994
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome 30 20 s Taskar et al, 1995
Successful lung transplantation 9 23 s Flume et al, 1996
Successful heart transplantation 8 28 s Flume et al, 1996
Outpatients with COPD 87 8 s Marks et al, 1997
Asthma 55 14 s Nannini et al, 2007

Breath holding, for these studies, was done in different conditions (e.g., after normal inhalation, or exhalation, or taking a very deep inhalation, or a complete exhalation, until first stress or as long as possible). These different conditions can produce large variations in results (by more than 200%). Moreover, sometimes patients are asked to take 2 or 3 deep breaths before the test. Since researchers use different methods for BHT measurements, the standardization of results is necessary in order for them to be compared. If you are interested in these details, visit The Complete CP Table for subjects with various health conditions and see how these different tests were standartised.

Table 1.1 Control Pause in normal and healthy people
according to various medical references

Types of people
of subjects
Pause, s
US aviators 319 41 s Schneider, 1919
Fit instructors 22 46 s Flack, 1920
Home defence pilots 24 49 s Flack, 1920
British candidates 23 47 s Flack, 1920
US candidates 7 45 s Flack, 1920
Delivery pilots 27 39 s Flack, 1920
Pilots trained for scouts 15 42 s Flack, 1920
Min requir. for flying 34 s Flack, 1920
Normal subjects 20 39 s Schneider, 1930
Normal subjects 30 23 s Friedman, 1945
Normal subjects 7 44 s Ferris et al, 1946
Normal subjects 22 33 s Mirsky et al, 1946
Aviation students 48 36 s Karpovich, 1947
Normal subjects 80 28 s Rodbard, 1947
Normal subjects 3 41 s Stroud, 1959
Normal subjects 16 16 s Kohn & Cutcher, 1970
Normal subjects 6 28 s Davidson et al, 1974
Normal subjects 16 22 s Stanley et al, 1975
Normal subjects 7 29 s Gross et al, 1976
Normal subjects 6 36 s Bartlett, 1977
Normal subjects 9 33 s Mukhtar et al, 1986
Normal subjects 20 36 s Morrissey et al, 1987
Normal subjects 14 25 s Zandbergen et al, 1992
Normal subjects 26 21 s Asmudson & Stein, 1994
Normal subjects 30 36 s Taskar et al, 1995
Normal subjects 76 25 s McNally & Eke, 1996
Normal subjects 8 32 s Sasse et al, 1996
Normal subjects 10 38 s Flume et al, 1996
Normal subjects 31 29 s Marks et al, 1997
Normal males 36 29 s Joshi et al, 1998
Normal females 33 23 s Joshi et al, 1998
Healthy subjects 20 38 s Morooka et al, 2000
Normal subjects 6 30 s Bosco et al, 2004
Normal subjects 19 30 s Mitrouska et al, 2007
Healthy subjects 14 34 s Andersson et al, 2009

There are many versions of breath holding time test used by medical doctors. For most accurate results, as Russian and Western researchers found, we should compare stress-free versions of the breath-holding time test. The most thorough analysis of breath holding abilities was done by Doctor Buteyko, who invented the Buteyko breathing method. For his system, the stress-free version of the breath holding time test is the main measuring tool that reflects personal health. He and his colleagues even suggested the special name “the CP” (Control Pause).
How the CP test is done

Sit down and rest for 5-7 minutes. Completely relax all your muscles, including the breathing muscles. This relaxation produces natural spontaneous exhalation (breathing out). Pinch your nose closed at the end of this exhalation and count your BHT (breath holding time) in seconds. Keep nose pinched until you experience the first desire to breathe. Practice shows that this first desire appears together with an involuntary push of the diaphragm or swallowing movement in the throat. (Your body warns you, “Enough!”) If you release the nose and start breathing at this time, you can resume your usual breathing pattern (in the same way as you were breathing prior to the test).
Do not extend breath holding too long. You should not gasp for air or open your mouth when you release your nose. The test should be easy and not cause you any stress. The BHT test does not interfere with your breathing.

[Warning. Some, not all, people with heart disease, migraine headaches, and panic attacks may experience negative symptoms minutes later after this light version of the test. If this happens, they should avoid this test.]

Some western doctors call such a BHT test “a period of no respiratory sensations” because when the time is voluntarily extended there is a stress that increases with each further second of breath holding.

Look at the diagram above: after the test you can comfortably breathe as before the test. If you stop the test and resume breathing at your first desire to breathe, you will be able to breathe as before: no stress, an easy comfortable procedure.

If you hold the breath for too long, the first inhalations will be deeper, as shown here:

What about usual CP numbers, CP norms and CP of sick and healthy people?

“If a person breath-holds after a normal exhalation,
it takes about 40 seconds before breathing commences”
From the textbook “Essentials of exercise physiology”
McArdle W.D., Katch F.I., Katch V.L. (2nd edition);
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, London 2000, p.252.

Doctor Buteyko and his medical colleagues tested hundred thousands patients and found that the following relationships generally hold true:
1-10 s - severely sick, critically and terminally ill patients, usually hospitalized.
10-20 s - sick patients with numerous complaints and, often, on daily medication.
20-40 s - people with poor health, but often without serious organic problems.
40-60 s - good health.
Over 60 s - ideal health, when many modern diseases are virtually impossible.

For the first time in the history of medicine, a group of doctors, after studying and curing thousands of patients, suggested the standard for ideal health that provide guarantee from such chronic conditions as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, COPD, arthritis, and many others.

This YouTube video clip explains in detail how to do the BHT test: Buteyko CP test.

New breathing students with terminal conditions (end-stage disease) are accepted on with Dr. Artour's Triple Guarantee.

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