Breathing Retraining: From Sick/Victims to Superhumans

Buteyko Breathing: Russian and Soviet Patents

1. Certificate of authorship No. 1067640 (USSR) "Method of treating hemohypocarbia”
Author (authors): Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko; Patent Holder: same
Application No. 762071; Priority of invention of January 29, 1962
Registered in the USSR Government Register of Inventions on September 15, 1983

2. Certificate of authorship No. 1593627 (USSR) “Method of detection of CO2 in alveolar air”
Author (authors): Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko; Patent Holder: same
Application No. 4136914; Priority of invention of October 17, 1986
Registered in the USSR Government Register of Inventions on May 22, 1990

3. Application No. 9114075/14 (Russia) “Method of assessment of human health”
Date of publication of application: 27.04.2001
Applicant s: Veltistova Elena (Russia), Buteyko Konstantin Pavlovich (Ukraine)
Author s: Veltistova Elena (Russia), Buteyko Konstantin Pavlovich (Ukraine)

4. Application No. 2002110779/14 (Russia) “Method of conscious control of breathing”
Date of publication of application: 27.11.2003
Applicant s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)
Author s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)

5. Application No. 2004113277/14 (Russia) “Buteyko method of treating hypocarbia diseases”
Date of publication of application: 27.01.2005
Applicant s: Buteyko, Lyudmila Dmitrievna (Moscow, RU), Novozhilov, Andrey Evgenievich (Moscow, RU)
This application is a currently active patent in Russia: RU2245171(C1)
Patent owner s: Buteyko, Lyudmila Dmitrievna (Moscow, RU)

6. Application No. 2004116487/14 (Russia) “Method of psycho-emotional self-regulation based on conscious control of respiration”
Date of publication of application: 10.11.2005
Applicant s: Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU), Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)
Author s: Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU), Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)

7. Application No. 2004132688/14 (Russia) “Method of psycho-emotional self-regulation based on conscious control of respiration”
Date of publication of application: 10.05.2006
Applicant s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU), Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU)
Author s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU), Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU)

1. Certificate of authorship No. 1067640 (USSR)

"Method of treating hemohypocarbia"

Author (authors): Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko
Patent Holder: same
Application N 762071
Priority of invention of January 29, 1962
Registered in the USSR Government Register of Inventions on September 15, 1983

PATENT DISCLOSURE
This invention relates to methods of therapy for low carbon dioxide level in bronchial asthma. What is known today are medication methods [1] of bronchial asthma therapy with the average therapy course of 15 days or more. These methods are time consuming and, above all, mytoxically dangerous. The purpose of this invention is to reduce the length of therapy. In the claimed hemohypocarbia therapy method this is achieved via decreasing the volumes of lung ventilation, monitoring the carbon dioxide level in the exhaled air and maintaining its increase rate at 3-7 mm hg per day in order to reach the value of 45-55 mm hg.
The method works as follows.
The level of carbon dioxide in the exhaled air is measured, and if it is below physiologically normal (45-55 mm hg), breathing is reduced to provide its increase rate of 3-7 mm hg a day.
A specific example.
Serezha G., 9 years old, has the initial pCO2 equal to 22.4 mm hg. Within the 10-minutes time, breath reduction cuts short a bronchial asthma attack. While the carbon dioxide level increase rate is maintained at 3-7 mm hg, the carbon dioxide level in the exhaled air reaches 45.6 mm hg within four days. The breathing depth reduces by 270 ml, minute ventilation of the lungs v by 15.7l, and attacks basically stop.
Beside that, this invention may be used for therapy for other hemohypocarbic ailments. The length of the conventional and the claimed method treatment and the recovery rate for both are given in the following table.

Disease
(most frequent)
Number of Patients Length of therapy Recovery Rate
Conventional Claimed Conventional Claimed
High Blood Pressure 25 More than 1 year 2-8 weeks zero 21
Stenocardia 15 More than 1 year 2-8 weeks zero 12
Bronchial Asthma 128 More than 1 year 2-8 weeks zero 105
Total 168 138

This invention provides a 3-5-fold reduction in the bronchial asthma therapy length, drug-free treatment and consecutive absence of medication side-effects, the long-term remission and return of patients to their normal lifestyle.

Claims:
1. A method of hemohypocarbia therapy wherein the volumes of lung ventilation are reduced, carbon dioxide level in the exhaled air is monitored, and its increase rate is maintained at 3-7 mm Hg a day to reach 45-55 mm Hg with the purpose of reduction of therapy length for, e.g. bronchial asthma.

Sources of information considered at expertise
1. M.L. Moshkovsky Pharmaca. Moscow., "Meditsina", -1957, pp.35,130, 143.


2. Certificate of authorship No. 1593627 (USSR)

“Method of detection of CO2 in alveolar air”

By the power granted by the Government of the USSR, Agency for Innovations has executed this Certificate of Authorship for: “Method of detection of CO2 in alveolar air”

Author (authors): Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko
Patent Holder: same
Application N 4136914
Priority of invention of October 17, 1986
Registered in the USSR Government Register of Inventions on May 22, 1990

PATENT DISCLOSURE

This invention relates to medicine and may be used for pulmonary system therapy. The purpose of this invention is to facilitate the method while maintaining precision. The method is performed as follows. The sitting patient-s expiratory capacity is timed after a 5-10 minute rest. The level of carbon dioxide is then detected in accordance with the formula
P=P0+KT,
where P is the percentage of CO2 in the alveolar air; P0 is the 3.5 minimum percentage of CO2 in the alveolar air; K=0.05 is the dependency ratio between the level of CO2 and the breath-holding time; and T is the maximum breath-holding time.
Example 1. Patient V., 32 years old. Diagnosis: bronchial asthma. CO2 level detection is performed 6 times after a 3-minute march in place and post-marching rest for 4, 5, 6, 7, 10 and 12 minutes. The results are given in Table 1.
Example 2. Patient R., 48 years old. Diagnosis: chronic bronchitis. The level of CO2 in the alveolar air was detected similarly. The results are given in Table 2.

Table 1

Marching Time, min Resting Time, min Maximum Breath Holding Time, sec Percentage of CO2 in the Alveolar Air
3 4 15 4,25
3 5 17 4,35
3 6 18 4,4
3 7 18 4,4
3 10 18 4,4
3 12 18 4,4

Table 2

Marching Time, min Resting Time, min Maximum Breath Holding Time, sec Percentage of CO2 in the Alveolar Air
3 4 21 4,55
3 5 22 4,6
3 6 24 4,7
3 7 25 4,75
3 10 27 4,85
3 12 27 4,85

Breath normalization time for patient V. was 6 min, and for patient R. it was 10 min.

Claims:
1. A method for detection of CO2 level in the alveolar air by examination of the respiratory system values, wherein the purpose of method facilitation is achieved by stopwatch timing of the patient-s maximum respiratory capacity after a 5-10 minute rest, and the level of CO2 is detected in accordance with the following formula:
P=P0+KT,
where P is the percentage of CO2 in the alveolar air; P0 is the 3.5 minimum percentage of CO2 in the alveolar air; K=0.05 is the dependency ratio between the level of CO2 and the breath-holding time; and T is the maximum breath-holding time.


3. Application No. 9114075/14 (Russia)

“Method of assessment of human health”

Date of publication of application: 27.04.2001
Applicant s: Veltistova Elena (Russia), Buteyko Konstantin Pavlovich (Ukraine)
Author s: Veltistova Elena (Russia), Buteyko Konstantin Pavlovich (Ukraine)
Application: 99114075/14, 23.06.1999
Address for correspondence: 121609, Moscow, Osennyi Boulevard, 11, (609 office), Company "CEP"

Claims:
1. The method of assessing human health, including the definition of the parameters of functional systems and the calculation of health indicators based on the above parameters other than those that form the contingent of the surveyed people who determine the parameter information by measuring the breath holding time of the person after a usual exhalation before the first inhalation without following disturbances in breathing, and then determine and record the basic parameters of main functional systems, and each of them is compared with the informational parameter of the investigated person and obtain the parameter, which is a marker of major functional systems and / or indicator of human health, create a method to assess health through establishment of the scale, while comparing the actual values of each parameter of health survey with the normal value, and based on the received data, health groups can be formed.
2. The method, according to Paragraph 1, but is different in that the scale of health has five categories with a positive sign that characterize the health status of people with different levels of super-endurance and seven categories with a negative sign, which characterize the state of poor health and / or disease in humans with varying degrees of disease severity.


4. Application No. 2002110779/14 (Russia)

“Method of conscious control of breathing”

Date of publication of application: 27.11.2003
Applicant s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)
Author s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)
Application: 2002110779/14, 22.04.2002
Address for correspondence: 454014, Chelyabinsk, PO Box 12416, TA Crimean

Abstract: The method of conscious control of breathing, in that the patient is explained harmful effects of deep breathing, then using the breath holding time test until the light sensation of shortage of air, the level of carbon dioxide in the lungs is determined, and based on it - the need to retrain breathing is also established, then in the sitting position the patient has repeated training sessions for 20 - 30 min directed on a gradual decrease in the depth of his breathing using relaxation of the diaphragm until the sense of shortage of air and continued up to achievement of breath holding time of 20-30 s with repeated measurements of the level of carbon dioxide in the lungs, differed by the fact that before finding the level of carbon dioxide in the lungs, the patient is explained the biomechanics of breathing at rest and during exercise, and the physiological need to control respiratory muscles, when beginning training sessions, the patient is suggested, using conscious willful efforts, to switch off from work all respiratory muscles, relax the muscles of the face and around shoulders, and upper chest muscles until the sensation of almost complete rest in breathing, during the process of training by the subsequent relaxation of the diaphragm the patient is informed that he should not allow himself to make involuntary inhalations, continue to maintain the sensation of lack of air until the sensation of warmth and rest engulfing the body, then the patient is focused on the region of the solar plexus until appearance of the sensations of heat and mild heaviness, recording after each practice the normal increase in breath holding time by 4-6 seconds until achievement of the training level with breath holding time of 20-30 s.


5. Application No. 2004113277/14 (Russia)

“Buteyko method of treating hypocarbia diseases”

Date of publication of application: 27.01.2005
Applicant s: Buteyko, Lyudmila Dmitrievna (Moscow, RU), Novozhilov, Andrey Evgenievich (Moscow, RU)
Application No. 2004113277/14, 29.04.2004

This application is a currently active patent in Russia: RU2245171(C1)
Patent owner s: Buteyko, Lyudmila Dmitrievna (Moscow, RU)

Abstract: Invention relates to the field of medicine and is intended for treating hypocarbia by decreasing lung ventilation while monitoring the CO2 content in the exhaled air. Method of treating hypocarbia diseases and states is characterized by decreasing lung ventilation to the extent tolerant for patient at rest and during exercise. CO2 increase rate in the exhaled air is not more than 2 mm Hg per day at rest and 11 mm Hg during exercise up to the level of 32.1 mm Hg in case of eliminating diseases symptoms and up to 55 mm in case of long-term clinical remission.


6. Application No. 2004116487/14 (Russia)

“Method of psycho-emotional self-regulation

based on conscious control of respiration”

Date of publication of application: 10.11.2005
Applicant s: Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU), Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)
Author s: Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU), Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU)
Application: 2004116487/14,  31.05.2004
Date of publication of application:10.11.2005
Address for correspondence: 454014, Chelyabinsk, PO Box 2862, TA Crimean (71)

Abstract: The method of psycho-physiological self-regulation based on the conscious control of breathing, in that the patient is explained the harmful effects of deep breathing, then test the deep breathing test is conducted, with a positive result the system most damaged due to deep breathing is defined, followed by the measurement of the control pause using the breath holding test, the level of carbon dioxide in the lungs is determined and the patient is to trained to gradually reduce his depth of breathing using relaxation of the diaphragm until the feeling of lack of air and continuous maintenance of the feeling throughout training, while learning the elements of the theory of the disease of deep breathing and the patient is taught to apply elimination of deep breathing with the onset of symptoms of the disease and in stable conditions, differed in that the method is implemented consequently using two stages: first, learning conscious regulation of breathing, and then using it mastering the psycho-physiological self-regulation, during which, for the conscious regulation of breathing, the patient is explained biomechanics of breathing at rest and during exercise, and taught to control breathing muscles during exercises, using progressive relaxation of muscles of the face, shoulders, upper chest muscles and diaphragm, until practical achievement of additional physiological effects of this regulation: a feeling of warmth in the entire body and feelings of warmth and heaviness in the solar plexus, and the development of psycho-physiological self-regulation begins with a brief instruction about anatomy and physiology of the body, gradually studying during each lesson the system of the human body with which the recovery process is conducted, and then start deliberate reduction in the depth of breathing until achievement of the above-mentioned effects in breathing control and remain in this state until the sensation of muscular relaxation and complete mental rest, then divide attention directed on breathing control, while keeping attention on relaxation of the diaphragm and maintaining a sense of shortage of air, and also directing attention to the other part of the body, with which mental interactions will be established, up to three psycho-physiological effects - a sense of presence of this organ in the body, formed as a confirmation of psycho-physiological connection with this organ, a sense of enhancing blood circulation in this organ due to expansion of blood vessels and increase in the blood flow to it, which should be confirmed by appearance of warmth and tingling in the body, and elimination of painful symptoms in the healing organ.


7. Application No. 2004132688/14 (Russia)

“Method of psycho-emotional self-regulation

based in conscious control of respiration”

Date of publication of application: 10.05.2006
Applicant s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU), Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU)
Author s: Buteyko Margarita Aleksandrovna (RU), Buteyko Larisa Vladimirovna (RU)
Application: 2004132688/14, 09.11.2004
Address for correspondence:
454014, Chelyabinsk, PO Box 2862, TA Crimean

Abstract: The method of psycho-emotional self-regulation based on the conscious regulation of breath, is that mastering the conscious regulation of breath, which before the start of training the patient is explained the damage due to deep breathing and biomechanics of respiration at rest and in motion, then the breath holding time test until light air hunger is doneto determine the level of air of carbon dioxide in the lungs, and on it - the need to adjust the breath, then in the state sitting the patient starts training, suggesting that he purposefully applies efforts to switch off from work, to relax their respiratory muscles - the muscles of the face at first, the shoulder muscles of the waist and upper chest muscles - and then through the diaphragm and willed her to relax until feeling the shortage of air and the appearance of effuse all over his body heat and rest, and then offer the patient to focus his attention in the solar plexus to the sensations in her heat and low gravity, with each training session held during 20-30 mines and on its end again determine the level of carbon dioxide in the lungs, noting an increase in the rate of pause delay 4-6 s, and let it gradually in the process of training up to 20-30 s, is different in that after mastering the conscious regulation of breath to go psychoemotional self-regulation based on it, starting with its development of awareness of patients in group 3 to 7 people with the data of modern neuro-and psychophysiology, and paying special attention to the formation of unnatural understanding of negative emotions in the soul of man and the need for constant monitoring of their conscious psycho-emotional state in order to prevent their external expression, practical psychoemotional start from achieving self-sustained continuous shortage of air, accompanied by a general heating of the body and the appearance of heat and gravity in the solar plexus, then move to achieve total mental rest with full production of mental flow and maximum muscular relaxation, explaining patients need to move the energies of breath, concentrated at the solar plexus, the energy center, anatomic projection of which corresponds to the middle of the chest from the outside and light inside the root, which must be mentally "enter inside ourselves" in the solar plexus at the time of the automatic pausing of breath, t.f. at the maximum long-term relaxation diaphragm, and then offer the patient a mental focus of his attention on the root of light inside and reach the area the appearance of increasing the heat, gradually filling the space of the chest and effuse all over the body and remain in this state not less than 40 minutes to reach full emotional relaxation, deep peace, a sense of comfort and joy, before and after scale measure efficiency, the training carried out at least 2 times a day, while maintaining their awareness of breathing in the solar plexus, and taking part in the regulation of the respiratory muscles, and increase the effect of self-introspection by the external division to focus its attention on the part of himself as a "view from the side."


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